the colonial forces took on a national aspect it became necessary
to provide a national flag for
them. Out of this situation came the Grand Union or Cambridge
Flag with its field of thirteen alternate
red and white stripes, which symbolized the union of the
13 colonies, and the King’s Colors in canton.
While the banner was only half America, it expressed the
thought of the times and the political situation
in the colonies, which at that time still acknowledged their
allegiance to Great Britain. The colonists
wanted only justice and their rights as Englishmen. They
were united in their determination to secure
them and to fight for them if necessary. The Grand Union
Flag was raised at Cambridge, January 2, 1776, by General
Washington, and given a salute of 13 guns.
The occasion marked the beginning of our National existence.
It continued to be the flag of the Revolution
until the adoption of the Stars and Stripes by an Act of
the Continental Congress, June 14, 1777,
the birthday of the American Flag.